- What do animal and plant cells have in common?
- What are the differences between animal and plant cells?
What do animal and plant cells have in common?
GCSE Science Biology (9-1) Plant cellsand watch get season episode what causes foot pain on the ball of the foot
There are many things in common between the two. They are actually more similar than not. However, there are a few differences. The most notable is that plant cells have a cell wall over their cell membrane unlike a animal cell which just has a membrane. In addition to that there are a few organelles that are different as well.
Structurally, plant and animal cells are very similar because they are both eukaryotic cells. They both contain membrane-bound organelles such as the nucleus, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi apparatus, lysosomes, and peroxisomes. Both also contain similar membranes, cytosol, and cytoskeletal elements. The functions of these organelles are extremely similar between the two classes of cells peroxisomes perform additional complex functions in plant cells having to do with cellular respiration. However, the few differences that exist between plant and animals are very significant and reflect a difference in the functions of each cell. Plant cells can be larger than animal cells. The normal range for an animal cell varies from 10 to 30 micrometers while that for a plant cell stretches from 10 to micrometers.
All living things are made up of cells. Cells are the basic unit of a living organism and where all life processes are carried out. Animal cells and plant cells share the common components of a nucleus , cytoplasm , mitochondria and a cell membrane. Plant cells have three extra components, a vacuole , chloroplast and a cell wall. Animals are made up of millions of cells. Animal cells have an irregular structure and are made up of four key parts:.
Structurally, plant and animal cells are very similar because they are both The normal range for an animal cell varies from 10 to 30 micrometers while that The double membrane structure of chloroplasts is also reminiscent of mitochondria.
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From the outside, plants seem pretty different from animals. For instance, plants can't walk around and catch food like we do, they give off oxygen instead of carbon dioxide , and they don't have the same sensory organs that help us get out of the way of a fire or sniff out and hunt down a potential meal. But plants and animals are more similar than they seem from the outside. In fact, under a microscope, a plant cell and an animal cell might seem so similar, in some cases you'd really have to know what you're looking at to tell the difference between them. This is because plants and animals both belong to the domain Eukaryota — organisms with cells that are basically sealed baggies full of fluid suspending little factories called organelles , which have different jobs in the cell, depending on the needs of the organism. Plants, animals, fungi and protists are all eukaryotes; these organisms are made up of one or more cells with a variety of membrane-bound organelles, including the nucleus — the big boss organelle that contains all the DNA and all the instructions for making that particular bear or ringworm or ficus tree or fruit fly.
What are the differences between animal and plant cells?
PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS