Great chicago fire of 1871

Five Places Where You Can Still See Remnants of the Great Chicago Fire

great chicago fire of 1871

The Chicago Fire: America at Its Best

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On October 8, , the city of Chicago became an inferno. And while folklore points the finger at Mrs. Few spots downtown survived the fire, and some of the debris was actually pushed into Lake Michigan, creating what we now know as Grant Park. The most famous of the architectural survivors, though, are the Water Tower and Pumping Station, and for a very good reason. Otherwise, all the physical boundaries were burned.

Legend has it that a cow kicked over a lantern in a barn and started the fire, but other theories hold that humans or even a meteor might have been responsible for the event that left an area of about four miles long and almost a mile wide of the Windy City, including its business district, in ruins. Following the blaze, reconstruction efforts began quickly and spurred great economic development and population growth. In October , dry weather and an abundance of wooden buildings, streets and sidewalks made Chicago vulnerable to fire. What is known is that the fire quickly grew out of control and moved rapidly north and east toward the city center. The fire burned wildly throughout the following day, finally coming under control on October 10, when rain gave a needed boost to firefighting efforts. The Great Chicago Fire left an estimated people dead and , others homeless. The disaster prompted an outbreak of looting and lawlessness.

The fire killed approximately people, destroyed roughly 3. A long period of hot, dry, windy conditions, and the wooden construction prevalent in the city led to a conflagration. The fire leapt the south branch of the Chicago River and destroyed much of central Chicago, and then leapt the main branch of the river consuming the near north side. Help flowed to the city from near and far after the fire. The city government improved building codes to stop the rapid spread of future fires, and re-built rapidly to those higher standards. A donation from the United Kingdom spurred the establishment of the Chicago Public Library , a free public library system, a contrast to the private, fee for membership libraries common before the fire.

The Great Chicago Fire was a conflagration that burned in the American city of Chicago on October , The fire killed approximately people.
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Chicago fire of , also called Great Chicago Fire , conflagration that began on October 8, , and burned until early October 10, devastating an expansive swath of the city of Chicago. The population reached nearly 30, in and was triple that a decade later. Cheap transportation to the outskirts of the city encouraged middle-class dispersal, but poor neighbourhoods near the downtown area were congested; structures there were also built of wood. Serious fires were frequent, but none would compare to the one started on October 8, Months without rain had parched the city, and a major fire the previous night had exhausted firefighters and damaged equipment.



The Great Chicago Fire of 1871

On the night of October 8, , fire spread across Chicago. While the cause of the blaze is unknown, its origin was at West DeKoven Streetan address that today is home to a Chicago Fire Department training facility.

The fire started on Sunday, October 8, and didn't stop until October When it was over, as many as people were dead and , were left homeless.

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