What is the cnn effect

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what is the cnn effect

The CNN effect is a phenomenon in political science and media studies which states that CNN's use of shocking images of humanitarian crises around the world.

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The CNN effect is a theory that hour news networks, such as CNN, influence the general political and economic climate. Because media outlets provide ongoing coverage of a particular event or subject matter, the attention of viewers is narrowly focused for potentially prolonged periods of time. This increased attention can affect the market values of companies and sectors that find themselves in focus. The CNN effect can cause individuals and organizations to react more aggressively towards the subject matter being examined. For example, regular coverage of turmoil in the banking sector may result in investors withdrawing from bank stocks or even moving their deposits out of banks being mentioned. This in turn would heighten the turmoil, perhaps feeding into the news cycle again and potentially triggering a wider financial crisis. The effect that media outlets have on consumer and investor behavior has been examined since the CNN effect came to prominence during the s.

It is over 20 years since debate over the relationship between TV news coverage of war, and resulting decisions to intervene for what appeared to be humanitarian purposes, occupied a good deal of scholarly and political attention. Back then, it was the newly emerging global media players such as CNN that were seen by many to be the driving force between purportedly humanitarian interventions during crises in countries such as Somalia and Bosnia Today, and despite the overshadowing conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, the issue of the role of media in terms of driving political responses remains a source of considerable academic interest. It was a series of events during the s that elevated news media to the status of being potentially critical actors, with respect to humanitarian crisis and high-level foreign policy decision-making. Starting with the Kurdish crisis in , and swiftly followed by Operation Restore Hope in Somalia , a series of humanitarian crises were associated with an emerging doctrine of so-called humanitarian intervention. For some, at the time, it appeared to be the case that news media were at the centre of an emerging doctrine of humanitarian intervention whereby sovereignty was no longer sacrosanct. The notion that media were driving foreign policy decision-making became widely known as the CNN effect.

Shanor's study is presented as an analysis of whether profit or quality should prevail in the reporting of foreign news in the U. At first glance, there is little uniting these two books beyond a general concern with the complexities of understanding and producing "foreign" news. Taken together, however, they provide a compelling argument for applying, as Robinson notes "a variety of research strategies" to make sense of the dynamics which govern and are effected by international news coverage. Robinson explores an important and persistent question regarding the role of news media in affecting policy decisions, particularly during times of crisis. Focussing on various circumstances within which American forces were deployed as humanitarian intervention, he employs a multiple-layered theory and method to examine evidence for the explanatory efficacy of "the CNN Effect," or the conviction that media coverage of conflict and suffering in crisis-ridden zones of the world cause policymakers to apply military measures.

The CNN effect is a phenomenon in political science and media studies which states that CNN 's use of shocking images of humanitarian crises around the world compels U. While the free press has, in its role as the " Fourth Estate ," always had an influence on policy-making in representative democracies , proponents of the CNN effect argue that the extent, depth, and speed of the new global media have created a new species of effects qualitatively different from those that preceded them. The media may function alternately or simultaneously as. Italics in original. By focusing instantaneous and ongoing media coverage on a particular conflict, international incident, or diplomatic initiative , the news cycle effectively demands political attention, as governing politicians attempt to demonstrate that they are "on top of" current issues.



The CNN Effect: The Myth of News, Foreign Policy and Intervention

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The CNN effect is a theory that hour news networks, such as CNN, influence the general political and economic climate. Because media outlets provide ongoing coverage of a particular event or subject matter, the attention of viewers is narrowly focused for potentially prolonged.
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