Why Did the Holocaust Happen?
In Adolf Hitler became leader of the Nazi party. The Nazis were racists and believed that their Aryan race was superior to others. To them, an Aryan was.what
By summer , British intelligence agents were listening in on classified German radio transmissions that described systematic mass murders in Lithuania, Latvia, and later Ukraine. News also came from the Soviets. Scores of thousands, literally scores of thousands of executions in cold blood, are being perpetrated by the German police troops upon the Russian patriots who defend their native soil. And this is but the beginning. Famine and pestilence have yet to follow in the bloody ruts of Hitler's tanks. We are in the presence of a crime without a name. Additional confirmation came in spring , when American journalists stranded in Germany when the United States entered the war were exchanged for Axis nationals stranded in the United States.
Between and , across German-occupied Europe , Nazi Germany and its collaborators systematically murdered some six million Jews , around two-thirds of Europe's Jewish population. Germany implemented the persecution in stages. Following Adolf Hitler 's appointment as Chancellor on 30 January , the regime built a network of concentration camps in Germany for political opponents and those deemed "undesirable", starting with Dachau on 22 March On 9—10 November , eight months after Germany annexed Austria , Jewish businesses and other buildings were ransacked, smashed or set on fire throughout Germany and Austria during what became known as Kristallnacht the "Night of Broken Glass". Eventually thousands of camps and other detention sites were established across German-occupied Europe. The segregation of Jews in ghettos culminated in the policy of extermination the Nazis called the " Final Solution to the Jewish Question ", discussed by senior Nazi officials at the Wannsee Conference in Berlin in January
Since , the word has taken on a new and horrible meaning: the mass murder of some 6 million European Jews as well as millions of others, including Gypsies and homosexuals by the German Nazi regime during the Second World War. To the anti-Semitic Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, Jews were an inferior race, an alien threat to German racial purity and community. Anti-Semitism in Europe did not begin with Adolf Hitler. Though use of the term itself dates only to the s, there is evidence of hostility toward Jews long before the Holocaust—even as far back as the ancient world, when Roman authorities destroyed the Jewish temple in Jerusalem and forced Jews to leave Palestine. The Enlightenment , during the 17th and 18th centuries, emphasized religious toleration, and in the 19th century Napoleon and other European rulers enacted legislation that ended long-standing restrictions on Jews. Anti-Semitic feeling endured, however, in many cases taking on a racial character rather than a religious one. On January 30, , he was named chancellor of Germany.
The Romani people, ethnic Poles, Soviet citizens, Soviet prisoners of war, political opponents, homosexuals and Jehovah's Witnesses were also killed. The Nazis were the orchestrators of the Holocaust. After coming to power in , Adolf Hitler's government passed laws to exclude Jews from society - most notably the Nuremberg Laws in Following the invasion of Poland in ghettos were set up to segregate Jews, and more than 42, camps and other detention sites created. Nazi Germany occupied or influenced many countries during the war, and killed nearly two out of every three European Jew as part of the "Final Solution".
Common Questions about the Holocaust
Hitler did not make the Holocaust happen by himself. This activity PDF explores the question in greater detail by considering the level of responsibility of individuals in all walks of life, both inside and outside Germany.
What Did the World Know?
In Adolf Hitler became leader of the Nazi party. The Nazis were racists and believed that their Aryan race was superior to others. They also thought Germany was a more important country than its neighbours. In Hitler became Germany's head of state. He introduced anti-Semitic laws which discriminated against Jewish people living in the areas he controlled. Some of these laws meant that Jewish children could no longer go to school, keep pets or have a bicycle.
The discovery of Nazi concentration camps towards the end of WW2 revealed the full horror of Hitler's plans to exterminate Europe's Jews and other minorities. The media reports of the systematic slaughter shocked the world. What happened in Germany to lead to these events? And how much was known about the mass murders during the years that led to one of the darkest chapters of the 20th Century? Hitler rose to power in Germany by offering a version of history in which the depression of the s was the fault of the Jews. In January, Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of a coalition government, his own National Socialist party being the largest in parliament. Hitler quickly moved to cement his power by suspending many civil liberties and allowing imprisonment without trial.
The Holocaust was the most intensive, industrialised genocide the world has ever seen. But how could such a horrific crime occur in the 20th Century — after an extreme period of economic and scientific progress?,