- Today in Latino history: Slavery abolished in Cuba
- End of Slavery in Cuba
- CHRONOLOGY-Who banned slavery when?
Today in Latino history: Slavery abolished in Cuba
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Cuba began its lucrative slave trade in , when a large contingent of kidnapped African slaves arrived. Wealthy landowners relied on slaves to work their sugar plantations. In , the Spaniards officially abolished slavery by royal decree. Nicolas Morales organized the slave revolt demanding equality for both blacks and whites. Although the revolt was squashed by the Spaniards, owners were sent a message largely because both races participated in the uprising.
Two years later the Spanish Cortes approved an abolition law that provided for an eight-year period of patronato tutelage for all slaves liberated according to the law. This only amounted to indentured servitude, as slaves were required to spend those 8 years working for their masters at no charge. On October 7 , slavery was finally abolished in Cuba by a royal decree that also made the patronato illegal. The end of legal slavery, however, did not bring racial harmony to Cuba, and Spanish "thinkers" continued to warn against the potential "evils" of a racially mixed society. At the time of emancipation, most slaves were employed on plantations, and most free black Cubans were women who lived in the cities.
Today, Oct. Slave trafficking surged during the British occupation of Havana. Slave uprisings challenged the system of oppression and exploitation. This revolt included blacks and whites. The Spanish army quickly suppressed it. In addition to those two objectives, the uprising demanded an end to the slave trade and a society based on racial equality. Aponte and his fellow leaders were captured and brutally executed, with their heads put on display as a warning against any other rebellions.
End of Slavery in Cuba
CHRONOLOGY-Who banned slavery when?
Slavery in Cuba was associated with labor demand to support the sugar cane plantations; it existed on the territory of the island of Cuba from the 16th century until it was abolished.
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